– What is so special about a special economic zone in Moscow?
– You need to understand that the site of the Technopolis Moscow SEZ itself is unique. Today there are 25 SEZs in Russia and only six of them are of technical&innovative or innovative type. It is territories of this type that are becoming more and more popular in developed countries today, because they conduct research activities, create the most innovative and high-tech products. Traditionally, such zones have been created outside the city, and even more often in depressed and lagging regions. Our site is located right in Moscow, but it is not the only thing that is special.
The capital's special economic zone is an interesting platform, the task of which is to ensure a scientific and technological breakthrough in the field of microelectronics, biopharmaceuticals and new materials. These industries have a significant potential both in terms of providing high-quality domestic products, and in terms of the economic effect associated with investment attraction and high-tech development. The Moscow government supports such industries by granting various preferences, one of which is the free customs zone (FCZ) regime.
– And what is a free customs zone regime?
– A free customs zone is a special customs procedure that allows the special economic zone residents to import equipment, components, raw materials, and utilities for establishing production on the SEZ territory on preferential terms, that is, these goods are placed in the resident's premises without the necessity to pay customs duties, taxes and fees.
In order to apply the procedure and receive benefits, the SEZ residents need to create a customs control zone (CCZ) within their sites. This way, almost every resident has its own small piece of the border.
It was in Pechatniki, in the Technopolis Moscow SEZ, that the most favorable situation was created for arranging FCZ, namely, the Moscow Customs Scientific and Innovation Point for Actual Control and a temporary storage warehouse were created to significantly optimize all customs procedures.
– Why did you decide to arrange targeted customs control zones? How did you manage to implement this initiative in Moscow?
– Most special economic zones turn their territory into a single customs control zone. In the Pechatniki SEZ, we decided to go the other way: each resident allocates a part of the premises for a customs control zone depending on the production needs and specifics, which makes it possible to apply the FCZ procedure. Complying with the customs legislation requirements in this CCZ is the resident's responsibility.
This procedure was necessary, since initially, when our fifth site in Pechatniki became part of the Zelenograd SEZ, the SEZ was located in the Moscow regional customs area of the Skhodnensky customs checkpoint. This was extremely inconvenient for our residents, because in this case all goods arrived first at Skhodnya, and only then in the SEZ. The customs clearance procedure was more complicated and more time-consuming.
Currently, thanks to the cooperation of the FCS specialized units and the Moscow SEZ, the following scheme has been developed and implemented: the Pechatniki site of the Moscow Technopolis SEZ is located in the region where the Moscow Customs Scientific and Innovative Point is operating, which actually controls the CCZ residents' activities, thus, goods arrive directly at the Tekstilshchiki site and, after they are cleared, they are transported within the SEZ to the resident customs control zone. Customs clearance is carried out by the Dubna specialized customs checkpoint, where exclusively the cargoes of special economic zones are registered.
Now, the entire process is as convenient as possible and does not take much time, all vehicles arrive in the customs control zone of the Moscow SEZ. Here transit and delivery are closed, then the goods declaration is sent electronically to the customs point in Dubna.