100 Years of Electronics

On July 29, the centennial anniversary was celebrated by the Chief Scientific Officer of the Semenikhin Research Institute of Automatic Equipment, D.Sc. in engineering, professor Vladimir Kuklev - the most prominent Russian specialist in development of information display systems, an organizer of science and production, a public figure, a war veteran, a professor, a full member of the Academy of New Information Technologies. He is now working on a report that will form the basis for the Development strategy of the Russian electronics industry until 2030.
- Vladimir, you have given so many years to science and technology, you continue to be active in this area. What inspires you, or as often said now, motivates you?

- My inspiration is life, the dynamics of science and technology, the constant desire to learn new, to leave as much as possible to the young generation, grandchildren, great-grandchildren.

Now, looking back, I feel like I've lived three centuries. Steam locomotives, steamboats, blacksmithing, which I was taught along with other skills at the technology lessons in the secondary M.I.Kalinin-school in Buguruslan, kerosene lamps and candles, which were replaced by Lenin-bulbs, - all this still breathed the way of the XIX century. Later the XX century began with its rapid development of technology, industrialization, electrification of the country, development of communication facilities, synthetic materials, nuclear, space technology, electronics and radio electronics. And now the XXI century is the century of intensive development of bio- and nanotechnologies, infocomm and robotic systems, artificial intelligence. It is very interesting to look into the future and participate in this progress.

- What is the brightest impression of childhood for you?

- I remember my father gave me a German Gritzner bike, which I quickly and gladly mastered, it served me faithfully and truthfully for a long time. I also liked to go with older relatives to agricultural work. I was attracted by complex mechanisms, and the machines there were different: mowers and stem-cutting droppers. Especially impressive was the sheaf binder, which allowed a quick harvest. It was from childhood that I kept my love for Russian nature, fishing and hunting for many years.

- When did you start your research activity?

- At first there was a war in my life. In 1941, I transferred from the Saratov State University, where I studied for two years, to the Leningrad State University and during the summer exam session I learned that the war begun. We, the students, were sent to defensive works on preparation of field aerodromes in the Leningrad region. And in September the blockade began, our student group as a whole enrolled as volunteers in the Red Army.

By February 1942, I had lost up to 40 kilograms and was transported on the Road of Life beyond the blockade ring. Later I took part in actions near Sinyavino, and after wound and contusion I was sent to the 16th separate company of aircraft ground handling, where he served until September 1945. I worked at the radio station, performed functions of radio mechanic, electrician and driver.

As a student, I was subject to early demobilization and returned to Leningrad in September 1945. After finishing the 3rd year of the Leningrad State University, I decided that the fundamental university education was obtained, and for special technical education I should go to a technical university and transferred to the Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute, where I chose the most "trendy" subject - radiolocation.

And then a miracle happened. In the fifth year, we students wanted to know what the real job is. I got a job as a senior technician at plant 206, which had a hydroacoustic profile. At that time, the plant was given an order for 16 sets of high-accuracy radio navigation systems. It required specialists with new knowledge to master the new technology and I was the only suitable candidate. I agreed with the management and set up a working group to measure the critical parameters of the output units that determine the navigational accuracy. The new oscilloscope, urgently produced according to my graduation paper, played a major role in this situation. As a result of joint work, the annual budget of the plant was successfully completed.

- In your opinion, what tasks are the most urgent one for the enterprises of this industry today?

- We are on the threshold of a new time - the time of nanoradioelectronics and artificial intelligence. Nanoradio electronics is a critical breakthrough technology and the basis for strategic development of IT, communication and management systems. Creation of perspective computing and radio technical means corresponding to the raised technical requirements and also requirements of import independence, is impossible without development and production of domestic electronic component base (ECB) of new generation. The entire history of electronics and radio engineering shows that only the emergence of new electronic components provides a qualitative leap in development.

- Vladimir, what would you advise your contemporaries, colleagues in the industry?

- I always worked a lot and was passionate about my job, I often work on Saturdays, but Sunday was holy and untouchable! Therefore, it is very important not to forget to rest and, of course, to do sports. I, for example, always tried to rest actively: spending time in nature, hunting, fishing, cross-country skiing, I played volleyball until 60.
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