Target Acquired – Going to It

GNPP Region JSC, the developer of the world's fastest submarine missile, has recently received the Moscow industrial complex status. Over 50 years in the market, it has acquired a reputation for being able to create weapons from scratch, to implement a project that no one has even dared to approach.

Rescuing Shkval

GNPP Region JSC began its history in 1969, when the Research Institute of Applied Hydromechanics was established. And the reason to create the institute was - no matter how strange it may be - the difficulties in working on the Shkval (English: Squall) project. Then not everyone believed in a submarine high-speed missile, which was later equipped with almost all domestic nuclear submarines of the second and third generation.

Back in the early 1960s, several Soviet enterprises began to develop two serious projects: Condor - an anti-submarine airborne guided missile - and Shkval - an high-speed submarine missile. And if Condor was successfully tested and went into mass production even in 1968, Shkval was less fortunate. The project was set too ambitious goals ahead of time, and this delayed the completion of tests.

Then the defense industry was given new priority goals in airborne guided high-precision weapons, and the development of the missile was tried to push back. The project was saved in many ways thanks to the efforts of its chief designer Valery Serov, who proposed to separate units working on Shkval in a dedicated organization. That's how the history of the GNPP Region began.

It should be noted that the chief designer was not mistaken in the prospects of the project: after more than 300 test launches Shkval was adopted by the Navy, and GNPP Region which appeared on the basis of the Research Institute of Applied Hydromechanics successfully operates today.
Igor Krylov
"Production growth involves the introduction of advanced technologies, installation of new high-performance equipment, optimization of cooperative relations and improvement of the HR policy. The share of the installed CNC equipment has sharply increased, new technologies of processing, assembly and control have been introduced. The testing base has been almost completely renewed, and the hydroelectric pool has been extensively reconstructed to test hydro-acoustic guidance systems for underwater weapons".

From Condor to Oryol

Following the legendary Shkval, Region developed Yastreb (English: Hawk) - an anti-submarine airborne self-guided missile - which was designed to defeat submarines from planes and helicopters and became an improved version of Condor. The third rocket of this type was the Oryol (English: Eagle). Later on, the company's arsenal included Liven and Zagon (English: Rainfall and Pinfold) anti-submarine projectiles, adjustable and controllable aircraft bombs with laser, television and satellite guidance systems, small-sized surface ship torpedo complexes for fighting submarines and attacking torpedoes, and much more.

Even in the 1980's, the Region's developments were interested abroad: the first foreign customers came from Yugoslavia, Cuba, Syria, India and other countries. In 1991, when the set economic ties collapsed, this experience was particularly useful. With an access to foreign clients, Region increased its export component so much that even the default of 1998 was relatively painless for the company.
Maharem Salikov
Deputy CEO for Security and Personnel, SNPP Region JSC
"Undoubtedly, we pay great attention to working with young people and systematically grow our staff. Today 66 people are studying at Moscow universities within to the company's target program from our company, and 18 of them work with us in parallel. We are no less proud of our employees who have worked for over 45 years. We have 17 such employees, and they continue their work!"

Mine on Course!

Among other things, Region develops and produces countermine equipment. The fact is that after World War II the seas were literally dotted with underwater mines. In 1945-1965, about 430 different ships exploded on the Baltic Sea alone, with 230 of them sinking at once killing everyone on board. The danger of becoming a casualty of an old mine is still there today. In order to search for such munitions and destroy them, SNPP Region developed the Mayovka countermine complex (English: May Day meeting), which entered into service in 2015. Alexandrite-ISPUM-E is another countermine complex making it possible to detect and mark sea mines at depths up to 300 m. There are also absolutely "peaceful" developments in the company's arsenal, for example, a small-size submersible for object detection and underwater operation.
The Shkval submarine missile, which was adopted in 1977, is considered the fastest in the world: its speed can reach 100 m/s (classic torpedoes accelerate up to 25 m/s). It's being upgraded now and will be a little faster after that.

Faster, Further, Smarter

Today Region continues to develop its exports competing in the international armament market with manufacturers from the USA, Italy, Israel and France. Besides strategic partners like China and India, its products are supplied to many countries in Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Southeast Asia.

The company is working on new generations of anti-submarine, anti-torpedo and countermine weapon systems developing the area of guided air bombs with a range of application up to 100 km and more. These tasks require radical reconstruction and technical re-equipment of the enterprise.

Defense Industry Fighters

Like any industrialist with a long history, SNPP Region knows for sure that its strength is in people. In 2019 alone 46 new specialists came to work here - graduates of secondary and higher educational institutions. The company employs three doctors habil. and 31 PhDs of technology, physics and mathematics. The staff continues to be extended with young and talented professionals, today there are 279 of them.
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