In almost all major Russian cities the same picture is available: the dilapidated fence hides the ruins of an old factory, which stopped working 20 or even 30 years ago. Everything that could be taken away has long been taken away, the roof hangs by a single thread, blind windows are gaping with blackness, and the area around has long been overgrown with weeds.
Or another picture: during the downtime the former industrial areas changed more than one owner and were eventually divided into small pieces that are used as warehouses, car shops and car washes - maximum in a staggered order.
There are a lot of them in the Russian capital. In 2017, an effective mechanism was found for re-development of problem areas - Integrated Area Development (IAD).
Let's say there's a large industrial zone. In part, it continues to justify its name - several factories are still operating there. However, most of the area is endless fences, squatter development and ruins. The IAD mechanism gives the city a right to define the boundaries of an area for integrated development and then clearly to point out what will ultimately stand on it: a residential building, a new plant, a social institution, a business center, etc. At the same time, the pieces of land are usually quite large and can accommodate several types of facilities at once.